Literature / Tấm Cám

     

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As we have commented before, there are hundreds of folktales around the world that have the same central plot as the famous children’s story Cinderella. This Vietnamese version is longer và continues after the girl becomes Queen. The story from here on could only happen in a folktale from a country where people believe that after we die we can be born again in non-human form. Tam is killed twice after marrying the king, each time coming back to life in a different form. Fortunately, goodness wins out over evil & Cam soon finds herself in hot water.

Original Text / PDF (2,519 words)


General Comments

This story illustrates a possible difference between modern day, Christian influenced Western fairy tales & the original stories upon which they are based. In the version of Tam & Cam that we have simplified here the story ends with the comment:

“Tam lived longer than both of them (her stepmother and stepsister), & lived happily ever after, for she certainly deserved it.”

In Western terms it is hard to see how it could be argued that Tam was so good as be worthy of life-long happiness. At the kết thúc of the story she caused her stepsister Cam to lớn be boiled alive. Another version of the story has an even more horrible ending where Tam had Cam’s body cut up, cooked and turned into a sauce which she tricked her stepmother into eating with her meals. The sauce was so delicious that the stepmother ate it every day until she found Cam’s head at the bottom of the jar & immediately fell down dead. If we were able lớn look back at original versions of many English children’s favorites, we would find examples of equally bad things happening to lớn those who bởi vì wrong.

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There is some disagreement about the best moral for the the original Cinderella story, which makes up the first part of the Tam and Cam plot. The version that made Cinderella famous was contained in Charles Perrault’s Stories or Tales from Times Past, with Morals (also known as Tales of Mother Goose), first published in 1697. Perrault gave two possible morals for the story:

Beauty in a woman is a rare treasure that will always be admired. Graciousness, however, is priceless & of even greater value. This is what Cinderella’s godmother gave to lớn her when she taught her to behave lượt thích a queen. Young women, in the winning of a heart, graciousness is more important than a beautiful hairdo. It is a true gift of the fairies. Without it nothing is possible; with it, one can vì anything.

and

Without doubt it is a great advantage lớn have intelligence, courage, good breeding, & common sense. These, & similar talents come only from heaven, và it is good lớn have them. However, even these may fail to lớn bring you success, without the blessing of a godfather or a godmother.

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These can best be paraphrased as follows: 1) It is nice khổng lồ beautiful, but unless you are also gracious (caring, courteous, và kind) it won’t bring you everything you want; 2) Sometimes, even with all of these things, you may still need a little luck in order to lớn succeed.

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There is some interesting symbolism in Tam & Cam which could explain a possible additional moral for this version. Near the beginning of the story we see this description:

“The poor little Tam worked and worked all day. Her skin became dark and her hair messy. Sometimes when she went lớn get water, she looked at herself in it & was surprised to see how dark & ugly she was. She would then take up some water in her hand, wash her face and comb her long straight hair with her fingers. The soft white skin appeared again, & she looked pretty again. But when the stepmother saw how pretty Tam could look, she hated her more than ever & wished to lớn make her life worse.”

And then at the kết thúc of the story Tam’s stepsister Cam asks her:

“Dearest sister, how could I become as white as you?”

As well as the obvious thought that Tam’s light skin và Cam’s dark skin may represent good and evil, skin màu sắc could have a uniquely Asian symbolism here. In Asia there is a popular stereotype that dark-skinned people are of a lower social standing than light-skinned people. This seems to lớn come from the idea that the family of dark-skinned people must be poor and uneducated và therefore have khổng lồ earn a living by working in the sun. Because of this, one of the biggest selling personal care products in that part of the world is skin-whitening cream. In the West the opposite applies; many people like to have a “healthy” browning of the skin lớn show that they have the time and money to lớn relax outdoors. Cam’s terrible over may not have come from all the bad things she did, but from wanting to lớn change the color of her skin.

The possible additional moral? “Be happy with who you are & don’t try khổng lồ change it.” This seems a very important teaching for a strongly class based society such as ancient Vietnam, where the last thing those in power would have wanted was for the masses to try to lớn improve their position.